Tuesday, July 31, 2007

Heresy

The notion of heresy always involves something which both the true believers and the heretics hold in common. I don't think that Catholics would consider Buddhists to be heretics in the same way they would Arianists or Ebionites. However, both of these sects' beliefs were a fairly radical departure from what became orthodox Christianity.

A more fascinating situation is when a sect is accused of heresy over very subtle matters. For example, in the great schism between the Mitnagdim and the Chassidim, a major theological disagreement seemed to be the degree of G-d's immanence in the world. This seemed to be the crux of the GRA's famous letter to the Jewish communities in White Russia and the Ukraine.

This is similar in my mind to the great controversy in the Catholic church of the thirteenth century over the notion of Christ's poverty. Interestingly, while the Franciscan brotherhood preached poverty, it was not declared heretical, while other groups such as the Fraticelli and the Waldensians were.

Interestingly, in both cases, there were also secondary motivations for declaring the new groups heretical. both Chassidim and the Catholic poverty movements opposed elitism and endorsed power of the common people.

2 Comments:

Blogger Daniel said...

>a major theological disagreement >seemed to be the degree of G-d's >immanence in the world.

How so? I've never heard of that as the reason for the split. Please elaborate...

August 06, 2007 10:50 AM  
Blogger Daniel said...

Never mind, just clicked on your link. thanks!

August 06, 2007 10:51 AM  

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