A guide to today's perplexed - still perplexed!
Maimonides gets a lot of traction in the Orthodox Jewish circles which would like to take a more rationalist (naturalist) approach to Judaism. It is easy to see why Maimonides is their mascot. A main thrust of his philosophy is to say that G-d is a natural part of the universe, and so He doesn't intervene to make miracles happen. The miracles may be kind of baked into the Universe, almost like time bombs waiting to go off, or many of the descriptions of the miraculous events are allegorical.
In general, Maimonides assumes that there is a rational explanation to the world, and that G-d wants us to be rational, and that being rational, especially a thinking person, a philosopher, is the highest form of existence.
Now, I know that reading a 140 page introductory book does not make me an expert on the Rambam. I also can appreciate the extent of his genius and his intellectual honesty. What is not clear to me is why people assign any truth value to his theories.
As far as I can tell, Rambam arrived at his ideas about G-d, creation, the content of the Torah, the nature of revelation and prophesy through no other means than thinking about them and coming up with a hypothesis which seemed the most reasonable to him. But this does not lend any more legitimacy to him than to any of the other great philosophers, e.g. Baruch Spinoza, or Thomas Aquinas. They all do the same thing. They propose an understanding of the universe based on their intellect.
In terms of truth value, I would almost be inclined to believe the Kabbalistic idea of knowledge handed down from generation to generation of a specific Divine revelation. At least there you have an element of Divine, whereas in Rambam's case he relies purely on human reasoning. Human reasoning without the ability to test your hypothesis seems like a losing cause. In general, I believe that in most areas today, one cannot ascertain how something works by just proposing a reasoned argument. As a matter of fact we are constantly surprised by discovering that many things work in ways that are compeletely the opposite of how one would expect them to work.
Any lurking philosophers out there are welcome to comment and elucidate!